The Intelligence and Security Services Act 2002
The work of the AIVD is governed by the Intelligence and Security Services Act (Wiv 2002), which entered into force on 29 May 2002.
This defines the service’s duties and powers, along with those of the Military Intelligence and Security Service (MIVD). It also includes provisions to make sure that the AIVD is as transparent as possible about what it does, and hence publicly accountable. These rules are a direct product of the European Convention on Human Rights, which requires that the work of the intelligence and security services be “clear, foreseeable and accessible” to the public. The main points of the Wiv 2002 are summarised below.